Eight Parts of Speech

Introduction

This Edutainment series is mainly for those members whose English level is basic or elementary. The information in this series will ensure that you have a good foundation in English grammar, which will help you understand the more complicated grammar structures that you will encounter at higher English levels.

Many times, even advanced students of English will sometimes forget some basic information they learned a long time ago. To remind them of these basics when they make a “basic mistake”, we often tell them, “It’s time to get back to basics.”; hence, the title of this series.

The Eight Parts of Speech

All English words are classified into groups according to their function in a sentence.
These functional groups are called parts of speech. There are eight basic parts of speech. These are listed below along with the functions they perform in a sentence.

You should memorize the questions that adjectives and adverbs answer. This is important in classifying words as an adjective or a noun.

More information on these eight parts of speech can be found at the following links:

Self-Assessment #1

To assess your knowledge of these eight parts of speech, identify the part of speech for each word in the following sentences. Annotate each word with one of the following notations:

adj / adv / conj / intj / noun / prep / pron / verb

1. The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog’s back. Answer

2. Wow! He started off slowly but he finished first in the race. Answer

If you missed anything in the above two sentences, then you need to review the parts of speech until you can classify all the words in a sentence without errors.

Self-Assessment #2

  1. An adjective can modify what part of speech?
    .
  2. What three possible questions does an adjective answer about the word it modifies?
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  3. What three parts of speech can an adverb modify?
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  4. What five possible questions does an adverb answer?
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  5. A conjunction can join _____, _____, and _____.
    .
  6. An interjection expresses _____.  The end punctuation of this kind of sentence is typically an exclamation mark (!).
    .
  7. A noun is the name of a _____, _____, or _____.
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  8. A preposition shows the relationship of a _____ or _____ to the other words in a sentence.
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  9. A pronoun can be used in place of a _____.
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  10. A verb can express an _____ or a state of being (a condition of existence, the condition or status of a person’s or thing’s existence).

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