Money, money, money…idioms

Hello everybody,

Have a look at this great infographic I have just found.

The challenge for everybody is to explain one or several idioms and make several sentences using them.

If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to ask them.

Remember, there are no silly questions. It is silly not to ask questions


  1. Teacher Diana,
    Excellent idioms.
    Thank you for sharing them with us.
    Please, you know that I can only explain one of them because I have learned about it in your another lesson.
    It is “Dutch Treat”.
    First, my explanation:
    I explain the idiom with an example:
    My girlfriend invites me for a great pizza to a restaurant, and tells me you have to pay your money.
    It means that she only pays her pizza, and I have to pay my pizza.
    I have to add a subject about my culture.
    In my country, it is polite that men and boys pay in the restaurant, not girls and women.
    Second, my sentences:
    1. Oh, Elizabet, my girlfriend, I cannot pay your pizza tonight, you will have to be dutch treat.
    2. Merry, please you know that I would like to take you to a great journey but you should be dutch treat, do you accept the journey?

    1. Hello, Bijan!
      Great, you know one idiom already.
      Some notes:
      1) pay for. e.g. I have to pay for my pizza.
      2) Dutch treat is a noun (well, ‘treat’ is a noun) which means an outing or date in which each person pays his or her own expenses. In your sentence: “You have to be Dutch treat”, how can a girl be a Dutch treat? You should have written: “We have to go Dutch”, or “It (the dinner) has to be Dutch treat”.
      Please, look at your second example and rewrite the sentence.

      1. Teacher Diana,
        First, thank you for your explanation.
        Second, about “pay for”:
        I asked about “pay for” on LEWWWP before.
        Here is the link:
        My question was about this subject that in which cases we should use “pay for”?
        I remember that “pay for” means “buying something”.
        1. I paid for a car yesterday.
        2. I paid for a newspaper.
        But, we should use “pay” when we go to a restaurant and so on.
        1. I paid my pizza last night.
        2. Tom didn’t like to pay his girlfriend’s bill.
        Teacher Diana,
        English grammar is very complicated.
        I wish I could transfer my questions to this website.
        Third, about “Dutch treat”.
        Sorry for my mistake.
        I agree with you 100%. It is a noun, but I looked at the Merriam Webster Dictionary, it is an adverb too.
        Fourth, my new sentence:
        Merry, please you know that I would like to take you to a great journey but it (the journey) has to be Dutch treat.
        In addition, the dictionary says we should use capital letter for “Dutch”.

        1. Greetings!
          Nice question, Bijan.
          Now let’s review the usage of the verb ‘pay’.
          1) to pay for something means to give money for goods or services;
          e.g. He paid for our theater tickets.
          2) to pay something means to give somebody money that you owe them;
          e.g. He paid the bill. I always pay my debts.
          There are other definitions of this verb which you can learn in the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary.

          1. Hello, Teacher Dian,
            I can understand from your above explanation:
            First, “pay for” doesn’t mean “buying something”.
            If I go to a restaurant, I will pay for a pizza, dinner, lunch and so on.
            In addition, I can pay for an item or more items too.
            Second, we should use “pay” in cases like debts and so on.
            I am in a doubt yet, because the Cambridge dictionary says (about to pay something):
            “to give money to someone for something you want to BUY or for services.”, not debts.
            Here is the link:
            If it is my mistake, please you tell me.
            Thanks in advance,

          2. Hello Bijan,
            to pay for‘ means to give money (to buy) some goods or services.
            Some examples:
            ‘This means that workers are paid for fourteen months rather than twelve months every year.’

            We use ‘to pay something‘ when we talk about debts, fees, wages etc.:
            ‘Please have correct amount when paying your child’s fee.’
            ‘I was commuting an hour each way from New Jersey and needed the rest of my wages to pay my rent.’

          3. Hello, Teacher Diana. 

            I reviewed you answers again and again, and finally I understood about  using "pay for", and also "pay". 

            You are an excellent English teacher. 

            Best wishes,


  2. Teacher Diana, all,
    Two questions please:
    You have written:
    The challenge for everybody is to explain one or several idioms and make several sentences using them.
    A- As far as I know “is + an infinitive” means “should” sometimes.
    Have you used “is to explain” in this meaning in the above sentence, please?
    B- We know that “and” is one of FANBOYS (Coordinating Conjunctions).
    I read in a website that we should use “commas” before FANBOYS.
    Why haven’t you used “commas” after the main clause, please?
    Thanks in advance,

    1. Interesting questions, Bijan.
      The challenge is to explain…
      Can you change this phrase to ‘the challenge should explain…’ ? Will the meaning remain the same?
      B: You are asking: “Why haven’t you used commas after the main clause?”
      Where is the main clause in this sentence? How many clauses are there?
      Think about it.

      1. Teacher Diana,
        Firstly, thank you very much for permitting me that I ask you questions.
        Secondly, my sentence:
        Everybody should explain one or several idioms, and make several sentences using them.
        Thirdly, if my above sentence is incorrect, why have you used an infinitive after the verb (to be= am, is, are,…)?
        I would like to know about this subject, please.
        Fourthly, about main clause:
        Everybody is to explain one or several idioms = Main Clause.
        And = Coordinating conjunction (fanboys).
        Please, you know that I read on a website that we should use commas after main clause (before fanboys that here is “and”).
        If I am incorrect, please you tell me.
        Thanks in advance,

        1. OK, Bijan.
          The sentence was:
          “The challenge for everybody is to explain one or several idioms and make several sentences using them.’
          1) The Subject of this sentence is ‘challenge’, not ‘everybody’.
          The challenge is to explain and (to) make…
          ‘is to explain…and (to) make… – a predicate
          two infinitives (to explain, to make) are homogeneous here, that means that they stand in the same relation to the other parts of the sentence, i.e. to the subject.
          The challenge is to explain…
          The challenge is to make…
          There is just one clause in this sentence. ‘And‘ joins two homogeneous infinitives.
          We don’t use commas between two verbs, two subjects, two complements, or two objects joined by a coordinating conjunction.
          Is is clear, Bijan? Let me know if you understand my explanation.

          1. Teacher Diana,
            First, I understood why you haven’t used commas because there is one clause here.
            Thank you very much.
            Second, about using an infinitive after the verb “to be”.
            Please, you know that I go to everywhere on the Internet for learning about the verb ‘to be”.
            Teacher Lee always help me about it, but the verb is very irregular.
            Some websites have different opinions about using the verb ‘to be”.
            One of them has said that we should use an infinitive after the verb (to be “am, is, are…) in below forms:
            1. Official meetings.
            The prime minister is to visit India.
            2. What needs to be done.
            A- All students are to take an exam.
            B- What am I to do?
            3. Schedule.
            A- Bus is to arrive soon.
            B- We are to meet tomorrow.
            4. Goal, or intention.
            A- My goal is to help people.
            B- My intention is to finish writing a blog today.
            C- We are to book the tickets soon.
            Now, here is my question:
            Are the above subjects correct, please?
            If yes, in which above cases, does your sentence “…is to explain…” locate?
            Thanks in advance,

          2. Bijan,
            All your examples (they are correct, by the way) express future obligation. This usage is similar in meaning to ‘must’, but there is a suggestion that something has been organized or arranged.
            e.g. ‘You are to destroy this message now.’
            ‘You are to leave this room at once, and you are to travel by train to London.’

            In my sentence:
            the challenge is to explain…
            ‘is to explain’ is a predicate, it does not have that modal meaning, similar to ‘must’. The infinitive here is a part of a predicate and ‘is’ is a linking verb ‘to be’.
            I know, Bijan, it is difficult to understand all those nuances of usage. But you are doing great!

          3. Teacher Diana, 
            Thank you. 
            I understood that “…is to explain…” is a predicate, and also the infinitive here is a part of a predicate and ‘is” is a linking verb. 
            A few seconds ago, I went to a website for understanding about the predicate more. 
            Here is the link: 
            It has said that when we connect a subject to the predicate with a linking verb, there are three positions: 
            1. Nominal. 
            He is the president. 
            2. Adjectival. 
            She is beautiful. 
            3. Adverbial. 
            He is in the kitchen.  
            Here is my question, please: 
            I knew that your sentence “…is to explain…” is the predicate but I cannot understand what kind of predicate is it (Nominal, Adjectival, or Adverbial)?

          4. Bijan,
            Good question.
            In my sentence, the infinitives ‘to explain’ and ‘to make’ are predicate nominatives. They are used as a noun. You can read more information about noun infinitives here.

  3. Hello, Teacher Diana. 

    Oh, English grammar is very complicated. 

    I never thought that " is to explain" is the predicate nominative. 

    I never thought that "to explain" is used as a noun, not an infinitive.

    English grammar is like an Ocean that is endless.  

    I want to swim in this big Ocean but there are a lot of challenges for me.

    Thanks to Teacher Lee for choosing a real expert teacher whose name is Diana. 

    Thanks to you for helping students sincerely. 

    I am going to read the link carefully now.

  4. Thank you, Teacher Diana, for sharing these idioms in a correct timing.

    After the demonetization, I can relate myself to these idioms more than anyone else here. angry

    1. Cheapskate – After the Indian government discontinued 2 higher denomination currencies, Every citizen turned out to be a cheapskate in terms of releasing the lower denomination currencies.

    2. Hit the jackpot – I hit the jackpot when I got the twenty 100 rupee notes for a new 2000 rupees currency in the bank.

    3. Cold, Hard cash – Due to the lack of awareness about the digital transaction, The shopkeeper told me that he didn't have the POS machine and requested me to give cold, hard cash!!!

    1. Hello Vasanth,
      yes, you are our money expert now 😉
      As for your first example, I am not quite sure about the word ‘releasing’ here. Did you use this verb meaning ‘let go’?
      2. You wrote:

      I hit the jackpot when I got the twenty 100 rupee notes for a new 2000 rupees currency in the bank.

      ‘the’ is not necessary here. You are not talking about partiсular notes, right?
      3. give somebody something – …requested me to give him cold, hard cash.

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