A pronoun is a word that can take the place of a noun, whether it is a noun word, phrase, or clause.
Pronouns have four attributes:
- Number (singular, plural)
- Person (first, second, third)
- Gender (male, female, neuter)
- Case (subjective [aka nominative], objective)
There are many types of pronouns. These types need not be memorized now. Just be aware that there are many types. Regardless of type, the pronoun will always substitute for (or stand for) a noun.
|Subject Pronouns||I, you, he/she/it, we, you, they|
|Object Pronouns||me, you, him/her/it, us, you, them|
|Possessive Pronouns||mine, yours, his/hers/—, ours, yours, theirs|
|Possessive Adjectives||my, your, his/her/its, our, your, their|
|Reflexive Pronouns||myself, yourself, himself/herself/itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves (Example: I hurt myself.)|
|Intensive/Emphatic Pronouns||myself, yourself, himself/herself/itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves (Example: I myself did it. I spoke to Joe himself.)|
|Demonstrative Pronouns||this, that, these, those|
|Demonstrative Adjectives||this, that, these, those|
|Interrogative Pronouns||who, whose, whom, which, what; whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever|
|Interrogative Adjectives||which, what, whose|
|Indefinite Pronouns||all, any, either, each, both, some, several, few, none, one, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, everyone, everybody|
|Reciprocal Pronouns||each other (two people), one another (three or more people)|
|Relative Pronouns||who, whom, whose, which, that|
The “Singular They”
To be gender-neutral, we often use “they” to refer to singular nouns. While not exactly grammatically correct, this usage has become acceptable. This also applies to their, them, themselves.
- Everyone should ensure that they take their coat with them.
- Each student is responsible for watching our for themselves.
Fill in the blanks or find the errors in the following sentences:
- The committee cast its vote/their votes. (View committee as many individuals.)