Take 10 – Ten Words

Introduction

These vocabulary words were used in a TED Talks Google Hangout session.

  1. affluent (adj) – wealthy
  2. diligent (adj) – hard-working; attentive to detail
  3. eternity (noun) – for all time; forever; a seemingly endless period of time
  4. escalation (noun) – raising something to a higher level of action or attention; an increase
  5. infuriating (adj) – causing intense anger (fury)
  6. liberation (noun) – freedom; releasing someone from slavery or imprisonment
  7. misery (noun) – extreme suffering
  8. mutilate (verb) – to cut, shred, deface, destroy by shredding or slicing
  9. paralysis (noun) – inability to move or act; a motionless condition
  10. preoccupied (adj) – busy or inattentive with other thoughts; thinking about something else other than the topic being discussed

Self-Assessment (What Did You Learn?)

a(n) = a/an (to prevent giving you a hint about the answer)

Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word from the list above:

  1. When the teacher asked a student a question in class, the student was paralyzed with shock and surprise. He was apparently _____ with other thoughts.
  2. In World War II, when American troops marched through the streets, the local populations began celebrating the _____ of Europe from the Nazi Germany armies.
  3. The Americans have a saying: “_____ loves company”. This means that a person who is suffering feels much better in if the people around him are also suffering.
  4. _____ people have a lot of money and rarely want for anything.
  5. A(n) _____ worker is one who works hard and takes pride in his work.
  6. A(n) _____ occurs when an issue must be transferred from a lower level person to a higher level person for more attention.
  7. Christians believe that bad people will go to Hell and suffer for all _____., which is a very long time.
  8. Calling a technical support Help Desk sometimes results in a(n) _____ delay before you are able to talk to a human.
  9. Some protestors went on strike and _____ an effigy (dummy) of the company’s CEO. (sliced or shredded)
  10. If one has too many choices to choose from, one may go into a state of _____ (unable to move) agonizing (worrying) over which one to choose. We sometimes sarcastically say, “Decisions, decisions, decisions…” when placed in this situation.

3 comments

    1. When the teacher asked a student a question in class, the student was paralyzed with shock and surprise. He was apparently preoccupied with other thoughts.
    2. In World War II, when American troops marched through the streets, the local populations began celebrating the liberation of Europe from the Nazi Germany armies.
    3. The Americans have a saying: “Misery loves company”. This means that a person who is suffering feels much better in if the people around him are also suffering.
    4. Affluent people have a lot of money and rarely want for anything.
    5. A(n) diligent worker is one who works hard and takes pride in his work.
    6. A(n) escalation occurs when an issue must be transferred from a lower level person to a higher level person for more attention.
    7. Christians believe that bad people will go to Hell and suffer for all eternity., which is a very long time.
    8. Calling a technical support Help Desk sometimes results in a(n) infuriating delay before you are able to talk to a human.
    9. Some protestors went on strike and mutilated an effigy (dummy) of the company’s CEO. (sliced or shredded)
    10. If one has too many choices to choose from, one may go into a state of paralysis (unable to move) agonizing (worrying) over which one to choose. We sometimes sarcastically say, “Decisions, decisions, decisions…” when placed in this situation.

    My own sentences:

    1. Not all affluent people are arrogant. Some are very nice people.
    2. John is his boss’s favorite because he is a diligent staff.
    3. It seems like eternity to wait for the bus to arrive.
    4. The scandal quickly escalated to the head office.
    5. It is infuriating that he said such words after everything I have done for him.
    6. It is a real liberation after exams.
    7. We were in a misery just before the exam. We didn’t have enough time to revise everything.
    8. The child mutilated her toy doll’s hands.
    9. He went into a paralysis when he heard the news.
    10. I was so preoccupied in my thoughts that I did not hear my collage calling my name.
      1. Not all affluent people are arrogant. Some are very nice people. 
      2. John is his boss’s favorite because he is a diligent staff member.
      3. It seems like eternity to wait waiting for the bus to arrive.
      4. The scandal quickly escalated to the head office. 
      5. It is infuriating that he said such words after everything I have done for him. 
      6. It is a real liberation after exams. 
      7. We were in a misery just before the exam. We didn’t have enough time to revise everything.  (just “in misery”; uncountable)
      8. The child mutilated her toy doll’s hands. 
      9. He went into a paralysis when he heard the news.  (just “into paralysis”)
      10. I was so preoccupied in with my thoughts that I did not hear my collage calling my name.

      Very good, Lin.

      2. Staff is a collective noun (group of people).  Use ‘staff member’ to refer to one of the staff.

      3. It seems like… => Waiting seems like… (it = waiting; “to wait” doesn’t quite fit — to wait seems like…)

      10.  We are lost in thought but our we are preoccupied with something.  A few people seemed lost in thought but most seemed preoccupied with the imminent arrival of the VIP.

Leave a Reply