TED Talk: How fake news does real harm

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Ivan Korjavin 3 participants
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TED Talk: How fake news does real harm
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Lee Wright 9:02 PM
Your sound is choppy.
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Jörgen Olsson 9:02 PM
jar?

Lee Wright 9:03 PM
jerky, halting
square waves
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Lee Wright 9:04 PM
Girl trafficking
kidnapped girls

me 9:05 PM
kidnapping

Lee Wright 9:05 PM
kept for years
Nigerian government said it was fake news for some reason.
So government did nothing.
Delayed action to help the girls.

Gerard Arbat 9:06 PM
t

Lee Wright 9:07 PM
It took a video discovered years later to convince the government that it was real.
illiterate (il LIT er rit)
Her solution was __.
Don’t believe everything “at face value”.
Be skeptical.

Jörgen Olsson 9:10 PM
at face value=?

Gerard Arbat 9:11 PM
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Lee Wright 9:11 PM
Old saying in USA: Don’t believe anything you hear and only half of what you see.
Transcript: In my job as a journalist, I check, I verify. I trust my gut, but I ask tough questions. Why is this person telling me this story? What do they have to gain by sharing this information? Do they have a hidden agenda? I really believe that we must all start to ask tougher questions of information that we discover online.

me 9:11 PM
What do you do to verify news?

Lee Wright 9:12 PM
Look at different news sources. Are they biased?
I ask: Does it make sense? Does it sound reasonable?
A red flag.

me 9:15 PM
2. Do you have any example of fake news that shook your country?

Gerard Arbat 9:16 PM
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Lee Wright 9:16 PM
Iraq – Weapons of Mass Destruction. Then-President Bush invaded Iraq and deposed Saddam Hussein for a FAKE reason.
Improper blame on innocent groups.

Gerard Arbat 9:17 PM
ETA

Lee Wright 9:18 PM
2012 end of the world
t
I don’t believe anything the Bushes say.

Jörgen Olsson 9:21 PM
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Gerard Arbat 9:21 PM
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me 9:24 PM
What does propaganda mean?

Lee Wright 9:24 PM
What is the difference between propaganda and fake news?

Vasanth Prabakar 9:25 PM
Terrorist have propaganda?

Lee Wright 9:25 PM
Propaganda targets a country’s reputation.
Fake news goal is to get more clicks on the Internet for personal gain and publicity.
The goals are different in my eyes.

Gerard Arbat 9:27 PM
t

Lee Wright 9:28 PM
Different impacts.
China is suffused with propaganda.

Gerard Arbat 9:30 PM
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Lee Wright 9:30 PM
In English, propaganda has a bad connotation.
Advertising = lying to you
They brag.
Our product is the best in the world! (obviously false in many cases)

me 9:32 PM
plastic rice

Lee Wright 9:32 PM
Let’s test that hypothesis to see which is correct…

Gerard Arbat 9:32 PM
t

Lee Wright 9:33 PM
Fake news can manipulate the stock market.

Vasanth Prabakar 9:33 PM
c

me 9:33 PM
gossip
rumor

Lee Wright 9:33 PM
Gossip is about people
Rumor can be about anything.

me 9:33 PM
insider info

Lee Wright 9:34 PM
Speculation

Vasanth Prabakar 9:34 PM
we have bulls and bears

Lee Wright 9:34 PM
Start a fake rumor (the tail wagging the dog)
Bulls and bears in the stock market.
Con men use “fake news” to manipulate people to cheat them out of their money.

me 9:36 PM
3. Do you think Google and Facebook engineers can prevent these fake news on the internet?

Lee Wright 9:36 PM
promising (PROM iss een)
criterion
criteria

Vasanth Prabakar 9:37 PM
t

Gerard Arbat 9:37 PM
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Lee Wright 9:39 PM
The world is ending tomorrow! Save yourself using this one simple trick. Click here.
(click bait)

Vasanth Prabakar 9:40 PM
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Lee Wright 9:40 PM
Inflammatory language

me 9:40 PM
teaser?

Gerard Arbat 9:41 PM
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Lee Wright 9:42 PM
The number of shares of a story – does this indicate fake news?
t

Gerard Arbat 9:43 PM
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Vasanth Prabakar 9:43 PM
c

me 9:46 PM
teaser

Lee Wright 9:46 PM
The slope of the propagation line of how quickly news spreads.
Question in the headline but the answer is buried deep inside the article, or not answered at all.

Gerard Arbat 9:47 PM
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Lee Wright 9:48 PM
Real news can be biased in its “presentation”.
Awkward hugs, handshakes.
Journalists
reporters
Criteria for authenticity…

me 9:49 PM
Why there are so many fake news?

Lee Wright 9:49 PM
Everyone wants their “15 minutes of fame”.

Vasanth Prabakar 9:49 PM
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Lee Wright 9:49 PM
To control people, to harm people.
“Fire sale”, anarchists
“destructionists”
Fake news wants to harm reputations sometimes.

Gerard Arbat 9:51 PM
t

Lee Wright 9:52 PM
Omission of facts is a type of misleading news.
t

Vasanth Prabakar 9:53 PM
c

Gerard Arbat 9:54 PM
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Lee Wright 9:55 PM
Generally, American “terrorists” don’t like to kill themselves. They like to live to see the aftermath.

me 9:55 PM
how many blasting are made by christians so far?

Vasanth Prabakar 9:56 PM
c

Lee Wright 9:56 PM
A change is trend or intrusion into a new area IS news.
change in trend…
statistics
Mumbai
Fake news can be a distraction from real news.
insignificant
exaggerated

me 9:58 PM
In your opinion, what’s the worst harm that fake news can do?

Lee Wright 9:58 PM
Iraqi WAR

Vasanth Prabakar 9:58 PM
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Lee Wright 10:00 PM
Trump may be smarter than we give him credit for.
North Korea’s nuclear missile capability is imminent in being able to attack the USA.

Vasanth Prabakar 10:01 PM
c

Lee Wright 10:02 PM
We have rumors that the US Government did the 9/11 event themselves!
Black helicopters…
Why are UFO pictures always blurry?
Conspiracy theories.
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