English has an significant group of verbs that end in “en”. These are often made from adjectives but may sometimes be formed from a noun as well.
Adjective + “en” => to get/become more adjective; to make something more adjective
Noun + “en” => “
- worse + en => worsen => to get worse; to become worse; to make worse
The situation worsened. His interference only worsened the situation.
- dark + en => darken => to get darker; to become darker; to make darker
The sky darkened. His mood darkened. This copy is too light. Can you darken it?
- length + en => lengthen => to get longer; to become longer; to make longer
- Restaurant ad: We tighten our belt so you can loosen yours. (play on words here)
Exceptions: Not every word that ends in “-en” is necessarily a verb of this type though. Example: Glisten, listen, burden, beholden
Instructions: Make verbs from these adjectives and use them in a sentence. Suggested nouns may optionally be used as a subject or direct object.
- sharp (stick, wit)
- tight (belt, budget)
- loose (necktie, belt)
- weak (hunger, grip)
- moist (rag, napkin)
- short (hem of a dress, lecture)
- deep (confusion, hole)
- wide (road, river)
- quick (pace, heartbeat)
- fast (seat belt, mooring line)
- thick (gravy, soup)
- sick (customers, patients)
- haste (progress)
- strength (body, support)
- length (hem of a dress, lecture)
- height (awareness)
Deepen your learning. Broaden your horizons and vocabulary. Strengthen your mastery of English.
Can you think of any other “en” verbs of this type?